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China’s landing on the darkest part of the moon



1 China’s landing on the darkest part of the moon​


On June 2, China ‘s space mission Chang’e-6 Moon Lander made a successful landing on the dark side of the moon. This moon lander was launched on May 3, which reached its destination after about 1 month. According to China’s space agency, the Chang’e-6 lander landed in the South Pole-Aitken Basin of the Moon. From here it will start collecting samples of the surface of the moon. Through this mission, China wants to become the first country to bring samples from the dark side of the moon . Landing on this part of the moon is more difficult than other parts. This part of the moon is dark, it is rough, where contact is difficult. The samples of the Chang’e-6 lander will provide clues related to the formation and development of the moon, earth and the solar system. For the first time, China did this through its Chang’e-4 mission in 2019. By 2030, China is planning to send astronauts to the moon.

2 India created a world record in Lok Sabha elections, 64.2 crore people voted​


Chief Election Commissioner Rajiv Kumar said that India has set a world record by the participation of 64.2 crore voters including 31.2 crore women in the Lok Sabha elections this year. in the Lok Sabha elections this year. Addressing a press briefing, he said over 68,000 monitoring teams and 1.5 crore polling and security personnel were involved in the world’s largest electoral exercise. Chief Election Commissioner Kumar said nearly four lakh vehicles, 135 special trains and 1,692 air flights were used to conduct the 2024 Lok Sabha elections. He said only 39 re-polls were held in the 2024 general elections, while 540 re-polls were held in 2019.

3 Former BrahMos engineer Nishant Agarwal sentenced to life imprisonment​


On June 3, the Nagpur District Court of Maharashtra sentenced Nishant Agarwal, former senior systems engineer of BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited, to life imprisonment . He has been sentenced to this punishment for spying for Pakistan’s intelligence agency ISI. Initial investigation by the investigating agencies revealed that Nishant used to send information related to BrahMos missile to ISI through code games. The lower court sentenced him to life imprisonment (14 years) under sections 3 and 5 of the IPC and the Official Secrets Act (OSA) and imposed a fine of Rs 3,000. Nishant worked at the Technical Research Center of the Nagpur-based Missile Center of BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited, where he worked for four years. BrahMos Aerospace is a joint venture between the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and Russia’s Army Industrial Consortium.

4 Jaya Bharti Sayani becomes acting chairperson of NHRC​


On June 3, the Home Ministry wrote to the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) appointed Vijaya Bharti Sayani She replaced former judge Arun Kumar Mishra, who retired on June 1. Vijaya Bharti Sayani was serving as a member in the NHRC. She joined NHRC on 28 December 2023. Vijaya has been a practicing lawyer in the Telangana High Court. She has worked in various positions in many social organizations. These include organizations like Anjani Math Seva Trust, Samvardhani Nyas and Pragya Bharati. She has written more than 200 articles related to women’s issues in several Telugu weekly magazines and newspapers.

5 ‘Codeshare’ agreement signed between Japan and India​


On June 3, Japan Airlines signed a codeshare agreement with IndiGo . This will help the Japanese airline to extend its services to 14 destinations of the domestic airline network. Currently, Japan Airlines operates its services from Tokyo to Delhi and Bangalore. It operates a daily flight from Haneda Airport to New Delhi. Three flights a week are scheduled from Narita Airport to Bangalore. Passengers traveling to and from India and Japan will be able to book their flights on a single ticket. Japan has agreements with Air India and other airlines in India.

6 The Department of Neuro Surgery at Tata Memorial Centre has acquired state-of-the-art, first of its kind in the country, advanced intraoperative imaging equipment for complex brain tumour surgeries​


The Department of Neurosurgery, Tata Memorial Centre (TMC), Mumbai has recently acquired a state-of-the-art Intraoperative Ultrasound (IUS) machine to perform complex internal brain tumour surgeries. The Neuro Surgery team of Tata Memorial Centre, led by Dr. Ali Asghar Moiyadi, has pioneered the application of IUS in India, and is one of the leading teams worldwide. IUS is cost-effective and with proper training, can become an important adjunct in the medical equipment of neurosurgeons. The BKActive machine, which was recently acquired by the department, is the first installation of this advanced Intraoperative Ultrasound (IUS) system in the country. Intraoperative imaging is crucial for the safe and accurate removal of internal complex brain tumours. Combined with navigational assistance (which is like a surgical GPS system), the IUS machine allows the neurosurgeon to accurately track the tumour remnants. Furthermore, when combined with brain mapping techniques such as awake surgery, they are able to radically remove tumors, even near vital areas of the brain.

7 Goldman Sachs raises India’s GDP growth forecast for 2024 to 6.9%​


Goldman Sachs has revised its GDP growth forecast for India for calendar year 2024 , raising it by 20 basis points to 6.9% from the previous estimate of 6.7% This adjustment comes after a stronger-than-expected GDP growth of 7.8% for the January-March 2024 quarter, driven by strong investment demand and a recovery in consumption. For fiscal year 2024-25, Goldman Sachs has projected India’s GDP growth rate at 6.8%. The Central Statistics Office (CSO) recently reported that India’s GDP grew by 7.8% in the fourth quarter of 2023-24, mainly led by a strong performance in the manufacturing sector.

8 PV Sindhu invested in Green Day’s ‘Better Nutrition’ and became the brand ambassador​


Two-time Olympic medallist and world champion in badminton PV Sindhu has invested in Greenday ‘s ‘ Better Nutrition ‘ brand. Sindhu has also joined the startup as its brand ambassador, further strengthening her commitment to the cause of tackling micronutrient deficiencies in India.

9 Dinesh Karthik retires from cricket​


In what appears to be the end of an era, senior wicketkeeper-batsman Dinesh Karthik has announced his retirement from all forms of cricket . The recently concluded Indian Premier League (IPL) season saw his emotional farewell from the Royal Challengers Bangalore (RCB) franchise. Karthik scored 3463 runs in a total of 180 matches in his international career including one Test century and 17 half-centuries. His wicketkeeping skills were equally impressive, with 172 dismissals to his credit, most of them behind the stumps and a few in the outfield.

10 World Bicycle Day: 3 June​


World Bicycle Day is celebrated globally on June 3 by organising mass rides to popularise the use of bicycles in daily life. In 2018, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) declared June 3 as World Bicycle Day to celebrate the “uniqueness, longevity and versatility” of the bicycle. Professor Leszek Sibilski of Montgomery College, Maryland, US, along with his sociology class, petitioned to declare Bicycle Day and mark all its good qualities.

11 International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression 2024​


Every year, the International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression is observed on June 4. On August 19, 1982 , a special session of the United Nations General Assembly focused on the plight of Palestinian and Lebanese children due to Israeli aggression during the Lebanon War. The assembly resolved to protect the rights of children in Lebanon. The United Nations General Assembly declared that every year, on June 4, the International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression would be observed. Soon, the United Nations broadened its vision to work for children’s rights all over the world.

12 International Sex Workers Day 2024​


On June 2, 2024, the world celebrates International Sex Workers Day, dedicated to raising awareness of the challenges and exploitation faced by sex workers around the world . This annual event serves as a reminder of the importance of healthy working conditions, respect, and human rights for those engaged in the sex industry. International Sex Workers Day began on June 2, 1975, when around 100 sex workers gathered at the Saint-Nizier Church in the French city of Lyon. They came together to express their concerns about their exploitative working conditions and living circumstances.

13 Telangana Foundation Day​


Telangana Formation Day is an important occasion celebrated every year on June 2 in the Indian state of Telangana . The day marks the official establishment of Telangana, which was formed on June 2, 2014, as the 28th state of India .
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